Python Associate

certification is a professional credential that measures your ability to accomplish coding tasks related to the basics of programming in the Python language and the fundamental notions and techniques used in object-oriented programming.

Python Certified Associate in Python Programming (PCAP) Certification

PCAP – Certified Associate in Python Programming certification is a professional credential that measures your ability to accomplish coding tasks related to the basics of programming in the Python language and the fundamental notions and techniques used in object-oriented programming.

PCAP | Certified Associate in Python Programming certification shows that the individual is familiar with general computer programming concepts like conditional execution, loops, Python programming language syntax, semantics, and the runtime environment, as well as with general coding techniques and object-oriented programming.

Becoming PCAP certified ensures that the individual is fully acquainted with all the primary means provided by Python 3 to enable her/him to start her/his own studies, and to open a path to the developer’s career.

Course Outline

Exam block #1: Control and Evaluations (25%)

Objectives covered by the block (10 exam items)

  • basic concepts: interpreting and the interpreter, compilation and the compiler, language elements, lexis, syntax and semantics, Python keywords, instructions, indenting
  • literals: Boolean, integer, floating-point numbers, scientific notation, strings
  • operators: unary and binary, priorities and binding
  • numeric operators: ** * / % // + –
  • bitwise operators: ~ & ^ | << >>
  • string operators: * +
  • Boolean operators: not andor
  • relational operators ( == != > >= < <= ), building complex Boolean expressions
  • assignments and shortcut operators
  • accuracy of floating-point numbers
  • basic input and output: input()print()int()float()str()functions
  • formatting print()output with end= and sep= arguments
  • conditional statements: ifif-elseif-elifif-elif-else
  • the passinstruction
  • simple lists: constructing vectors, indexing and slicing, the len()function
  • simple strings: constructing, assigning, indexing, slicing comparing, immutability
  • building loops: whileforrange()in, iterating through sequences
  • expanding loops: while-elsefor-else, nesting loops and conditional statements
  • controlling loop execution: breakcontinue

Exam Block #2: Data Aggregates (25%)

Objectives covered by the block (10 exam items)

  • strings in detail: ASCII, UNICODE, UTF-8, immutability, escaping using the \ character, quotes and apostrophes inside strings, multiline strings, copying vs. cloning, advanced slicing, string vs. string, string vs. non-string, basic string methods (upper()lower()isxxx()capitalize()split()join(), etc.) and functions (len()chr()ord()), escape characters
  • lists in detail: indexing, slicing, basic methods (append()insert()index()) and functions (len()sorted(), etc.), delinstruction, iterating lists with the for loop, initializing, in and not in operators, list comprehension, copying and cloning
  • lists in lists: matrices and cubes
  • tuples: indexing, slicing, building, immutability
  • tuples vs. lists: similarities and differences, lists inside tuples and tuples inside lists
  • dictionaries: building, indexing, adding and removing keys, iterating through dictionaries as well as their keys and values, checking key existence, keys()items()and values() methods

Exam block #3: Functions and Modules (25%)

Objectives covered by the block (10 exam items)

  • defining and invoking your own functions and generators
  • returnand yield keywords, returning results, the None keyword, recursion
  • parameters vs. arguments, positional keyword and mixed argument passing, default parameter values
  • converting generator objects into lists using the list()function
  • name scopes, name hiding (shadowing), the globalkeyword
  • lambdafunctions, defining and using
  • map()filter()reduce(), reversed(), sorted()functions and the sort() method
  • the ifoperator
  • import directives, qualifying entities with module names, initializing modules
  • writing and using modules, the__name__ variable
  • pycfile creation and usage
  • constructing and distributing packages, packages vs. directories, the role of the pyfile
  • hiding module entities
  • Python hashbangs, using multiline strings as module documentation

Exam block #4: Classes, Objects, and Exceptions (25%)

Objectives covered by the block (10 exam items)

  • defining your own classes, superclasses, subclasses, inheritance, searching for missing class components, creating objects
  • class attributes: class variables and instance variables, defining, adding and removing attributes, explicit constructor invocation
  • class methods: defining and using, the selfparameter meaning and usage
  • inheritance and overriding, finding class/object components
  • single inheritance vs. multiple inheritance
  • name mangling
  • invoking methods, passing and using the selfargument/parameter
  • the __init__method
  • the role of the __str__method
  • introspection: __dict____name____module____bases__properties, examining class/object structure
  • writing and using constructors
  • hasattr()type()issubclass()isinstance()super()functions
  • using predefined exceptions and defining your own ones
  • the try-except-else-finallyblock, the raise statement, the except-as variant
  • exceptions hierarchy, assigning more than one exception to one exceptbranch
  • adding your own exceptions to an existing hierarchy
  • assertions
  • the anatomy of an exception object
  • input/output basics: opening files with the open()function, stream objects, binary vs. text files, newline character translation, reading and writing files, bytearray objects

read()readinto()readline()write()close() methods

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